Something named after someone. For example, a condition called Shiel’s syndrome might be named after someone named Shiel who discovered it or described and clearly delineated it.
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The name of a disease, structure, operation, or procedure, usually derived from the name of the person who discovered or described it first. [G. eponymos, named after]

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ep·onym 'ep-ə-.nim n
1) the person for whom something (as a disease) is or is believed to be named
2) a name (as of a drug or a disease) based on or derived from the name of a person

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a disease, structure, or species named after a particular person, usually the person who first discovered or described it. Eponyms are widespread in medicine, but they are being replaced as more descriptive terms become necessary. Thus the eponyms islets of Langerhans, aqueduct of Sylvius, and Hashimoto's disease are more likely to be designated in text books as pancreatic islands, cerebral aqueduct, and autoimmune thyroiditis, respectively.
eponymous adj.

Medical dictionary. 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eponym — („Namen gebend“, von griech. ἐπώνυμος) steht für: in der Altertumswissenschaft eine mythische Gestalt (oder eine historische Person), von deren Name der Name eines Volkes, einer Stadt, einer Menschengruppe oder eines geographischen Objektes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eponym — Ep o*nym, Eponyme Ep o*nyme, n. [Cf. F. [ e]ponyme. See {Eponymous}.] 1. The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes. [1913 Webster] 2. A name, as …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • eponym — eponym, eponymous 1. An eponym is a person after whom something is named, such as a building, an institution, an organization, a machine, a product, or a process. Examples include: Alzheimer s disease, from Alois Alzheimer, 1864–1915, German… …   Modern English usage

  • eponym — [ep′ə nim΄] n. [< Gr epōnymos, eponymous < epi , upon + onyma, NAME] 1. a real or mythical person from whose name the name of a nation, institution, etc. is derived [William Penn is the eponym of Pennsylvania] 2. a person whose name has… …   English World dictionary

  • eponym — eponym. См. эпоним. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Eponym — Eponȳm (Eponўmos, grch.), Namen gebend; bei den alten Griechen Bezeichnung der jährlich wechselnden höchsten Staatsbehörde, nach welcher das Jahr genannt wurde, so in Athen des ersten Archon, in Sparta des ersten Ephoros, in Theben des ersten… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • eponym — index call (title) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • eponym — one whose name becomes that of a place, a people, an era, an institution, etc., 1846, from Gk. eponymos given as a name, giving one s name to something, from epi “upon” (see EPI (Cf. epi )) + onyma, Aeolic dial. variant of onoma name (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • eponym — ► NOUN 1) a word or name derived from the name of a person. 2) a person after whom a discovery, invention, place, etc. is named …   English terms dictionary

  • Eponym — An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, which has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, era, discovery, or other item. An eponymous person is the person referred to by the eponym. In… …   Wikipedia

  • eponym — eponymic, adj. /ep euh nim/, n. 1. a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name: Brut, the supposed grandson of Aeneas, is the eponym of the Britons. 2. a word based on or… …   Universalium

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