informed consent

informed consent
Voluntary consent given by a person or a responsible proxy ( e.g., a parent) for participation in a study, immunization program, treatment regimen, invasive procedure, etc., after being informed of the purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks. The essential criteria of i. are that the subject has both knowledge and comprehension, that consent is freely given without duress or undue influence, and that the right of withdrawal at any time is clearly communicated to the subject. Other aspects of i. in the context of epidemiologic and biomedical research, and criteria to be met in obtaining it, are specified in International Guidelines for Ethical Review of Epidemiologic Studies (Geneva: CIOMS/WHO 1991) and International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects (Geneva: CIOMS/WHO 1993).

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in·formed consent in-.fȯrmd- n consent to surgery by a patient or to participation in a medical experiment by a subject after achieving an understanding of what is involved

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a legal requirement that physicians or researchers inform a patient undergoing surgery or invasive tests or a subject involved in a clinical trial of the nature, risks, and probable outcome of the treatment or research. The patient signs an agreement stating that he or she has been informed and accepts the treatment, surgery, or research protocol. Without informed consent, the physician or researcher is violating the patient's rights, regardless of whether the treatment is appropriate and successful.

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voluntary permission given by a subject or guardian for participation in a study or investigation, or for medical care, after having been informed of the purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Informed consent — redirects here. For the House episode, see Informed Consent (House). For the website, see Informed Consent (website) …   Wikipedia

  • informed consent — n: consent to medical treatment by a patient or to participation in a medical experiment by a subject after achieving an understanding of what is involved and esp. of the risks Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. informed… …   Law dictionary

  • informed consent — n. consent, usually written, given as by a patient to surgery, experimental treatment, etc. after having been informed of the potential medical risks …   English World dictionary

  • informed consent — informed′ consent′ n. law a patient s consent to a medical or surgical procedure or to participation in a clinical study after being properly advised of the relevant medical facts and the risks involved • Etymology: 1965 …   From formal English to slang

  • Informed consent — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Die rechtlich wirksame Einwilligung nach erfolgter Aufklärung oder die informierte Einwilligung, eine Wortschöpfung nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • informed consent — noun consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved • Hypernyms: ↑consent * * * informed consent, consent given by a patient for an operation or… …   Useful english dictionary

  • informed consent —    An agreement to commit an act or to allow something to happen, made on the basis of knowledge of all the relevant facts, including the risks involved and any alternatives available. In contracts, this involves full disclosure by both parties.… …   Business law dictionary

  • informed consent — A person s agreement to allow something to happen (such as surgery) that is based on a full disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently; i.e., knowledge of risks involved, alternatives, etc. Informed consent is the name for a… …   Black's law dictionary

  • informed consent — A person s agreement to allow something to happen (such as surgery) that is based on a full disclosure of facts needed to make the decision intelligently; i.e., knowledge of risks involved, alternatives, etc. Informed consent is the name for a… …   Black's law dictionary

  • informed consent — A process in which a person is given important facts about a medical procedure or treatment, a clinical trial, or genetic testing before deciding whether or not to participate. It also includes informing the patient when there is new information… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

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