1. Act of maintaining controlled environmental conditions for the purpose of favoring growth or development of microbial or tissue cultures or to maintain optimal conditions for a chemical or immunologic reaction. 2. Maintenance of an artificial environment for an infant, usually a premature or hypoxic one, by providing proper temperature, humidity, and, usually, oxygen. 3. The development, without sign or symptom, of an infection from the time the infectious agent gains entry until the appearance of the first signs or symptoms. [L. incubo, to lie on]

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in·cu·ba·tion .iŋ-kyə-'bā-shən, .in- n
1) the act or process of incubating
in·cu·ba·tion·al -shnəl, -shən-əl adj

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1. the process of development of an egg or a culture of bacteria.
2. the care of a premature baby in an incubator.

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in·cu·ba·tion (in″ku-baґshən) [L. incubatio] 1. the development of the embryo in the eggs of oviparous animals. 2. the maintenance of an environment with controlled temperature, humidity, and oxygen for the development of an infant, especially of a premature one. 3. the development of an infectious disease from the entrance of the pathogen to the appearance of clinical symptoms. See also incubation period, under period. 4. the development of microorganisms or other cells in an appropriate medium under controlled environmental conditions, especially of temperature, to permit optimum growth. 5. the process of maintaining reaction mixtures at a given temperature for specified time periods for the development of chemical or enzymatic reactions.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Incubation — In cu*ba tion, n. [L. incubatio: cf. F. incubation.] [1913 Webster] 1. A sitting on eggs for the purpose of hatching young; a brooding on, or keeping warm, (eggs) to develop the life within, by any process. Ray. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Incubation — (v. lat.), 1) (gr. Enkoimesis, Tempelschlaf), bei den Ägyptiern, Griechen u. Römern der Gebrauch, Kranke in Tempeln, welche Heilgottheiten gewidmet waren, schlafen zu lassen, damit diese den Kranken, im Traume erschienen u. Andeutungen gäben, wie …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Incubation — Incubation, lat. deutsch, bei den Alten: das Schlafen in einem Tempel, um im Traume Heilmittel oder Orakel zu erfahren; in der Zoologie: die Bebrütung des Vogeleis; in der Medicin: die Zeit zwischen der Ansteckung und dem Ausbruche der Krankheit …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • incubation — (n.) 1610s, brooding, from L. incubationem (nom. incubatio) a laying upon eggs, noun of action from pp. stem of incubare to hatch, lit. to lie on, rest on, from in on (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + cubare to lie (see CUBICLE (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • incubation — [in΄kyə bā′shən, iŋ΄kyə bā′shən] n. [L incubatio] 1. an incubating or being incubated 2. the phase in the development of a disease between the infection and the first appearance of symptoms incubational adj. incubative adj …   English World dictionary

  • Incubation — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. L incubation est un terme à l origine scientifique introduit avant le XVIe siècle qui dérive du latin incubare (incuber*), littéralement « poser …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Incubation — The word incubation (from the Latin incubare , to lie upon ) may refer to:* Avian incubation, sitting on or brooding bird s eggs in order to hatch them * Incubation period, a medical term for the time between being exposed to infection and… …   Wikipedia

  • incubation — (in ku ba sion ; en vers, de cinq syllabes) s. f. 1°   Action de couver. •   Jamais il [le rossignol] ne chante avec plus de force et de continuité que quand il la voit [sa femelle] travaillée des douleurs de la ponte, et ennuyée d une longue et… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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