A genus of aerobic, facultatively anaerobic, nonsporeforming, motile bacteria (family Enterobacteriaceae) containing Gram-negative rods. The cells are peritrichous, and some strains have encapsulated cells. Glucose is fermented with the production of acid and gas. The Voges-Proskauer test is usually positive. Gelatin is slowly liquefied by the most commonly occurring forms (E. cloacae). These organisms occur in the feces of humans and other animals and in sewage, soil, water, and dairy products; recognized as an agent of common nosocomial infections of the urinary tract, lungs, or blood; somewhat resistant to antibiotics. This genus characteristically acquires resistance rapidly in part because of the presence of inducible β-lactamases; the type species is E. cloacae.
- E. aerogenes a bacterial species found in water, soil, sewage, dairy products, and the feces of humans and other animals. Organisms previously identified as motile strains of Aerobacter aerogenes are now placed in this species. SYN: Klebsiella mobilis.
- E. cloacae a bacterial species found in the feces of humans and other animals and in sewage, soil, and water; it is occasionally found in urine and pus and in other pathologic materials from animals; it is the type species of the genus E.. A serious cause of nosocomial infection.
- E. sakazakii a bacterial species especially associated with nursery-acquired neonatal meningitis.

* * *

En·tero·bac·ter 'ent-ə-rō-.bak-tər n a genus of aerobic gram-negative bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that produce acid and gas from many sugars (as dextrose and lactose), form acetoin, are widely distributed in nature (as in feces, soil, water, and the contents of human and animal intestines), and include some that may be pathogenic

* * *

En·tero·bac·ter (en″tər-o-bakґtər) [entero- + Gr. baktron a rod] a genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae, made up of motile, peritrichously flagellated cells, some being encapsulated. The organisms occur in the intestinal tracts of many different animals, and frequently cause nosocomial infections as a result of contaminated medical devices or personnel. The type species is E. cloaґcae.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enterobacter — Enterobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enterobacter — cloacae Kolonien auf einer Nähragarplatte Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enterobacter — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Enterobacter Clasificación científica Reino: Bacteria Filo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Enterobacter — cloacae on Tryptic Soy Broth agar. Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteri …   Wikipedia

  • Enterobacter — См. Энтеробактер (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • enterobacter — género de bacterias de la familia enterobacteriáceas. Son bacilos gramnegativos, con flagelación peritríca que atacan la lactosa y pueden utilizar el citrato como fuente única de carbono. Se les clasifica en la familia klebsielleas. Saprofitos… …   Diccionario médico

  • entérobacter — ● entérobacter nom masculin Genre bactérien classé dans la famille des enterobacteriaceæ, comprenant des espèces le plus souvent saprophytes de l intestin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • enterobacter — ENTEROBACTÉR s.n. Bacterie care trăieşte în tubul digestiv al omului şi al animalelor. [cf. fr. entérobactérie]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 04.03.2005. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • Enterobacter — Enterobacter …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enterobacter — Enterobạcter   der oder das, s/ , Gattung der Enterobakterien, deren Vertreter im Darmtrakt von Mensch und Tieren sowie im Boden (z. B. Enterobacter aerogenes) und im Abwasser vorkommen. Enterobacterarten sind für den Menschen normalerweise… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Enterobacter sakazakii — Scientific classification Kingdom: Bacteria Phylum …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”