An acute mosquito-borne viral illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with headache, fever, prostration, severe joint and muscle pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy) and rash. The presence (the “dengue triad”) of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue. Dengue is endemic throughout the tropics and subtropics. It goes by other names including breakbone or dandy fever. Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense joint and muscle pain. Hence, the name “breakbone fever.” Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have “dandy fever” because of their postures and gait.
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A disease of tropical and subtropical regions that occurs epidemically, is caused by d. virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae. There are 4 antigenic types, and they are transmitted by a mosquito of the genus Aedes (usually A. aegypti, but frequently A. albopictus). Four grades of severity are recognized: grade I, fever and constitutional symptoms; grade II, grade I plus spontaneous bleeding (of skin, gums, or gastrointestinal tract); grade III, grade II plus agitation and circulatory failure; grade IV, profound shock. SYN: Aden fever, bouquet fever, breakbone fever, dandy fever, date fever, d. fever, d. hemorrhagic fever, exanthesis arthrosia, polka fever, scarlatina rheumatica, solar fever (1). [Sp. corruption of “dandy” fever]
- hemorrhagic d. a more severe form of d. characterized by hemorrhagic skin lesions, which has erupted in a number of epidemic outbreaks in the Pacific basin.

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den·gue 'deŋ-gē, -.gā n an acute infectious disease that is characterized by headache, severe joint pain, and a rash and that is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus (species Dengue virus) transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes called also breakbone fever, dandy fever, dengue fever

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a disease caused by arboviruses and transmitted to humans principally by the mosquito Aëdes. Symptoms, which last for a few days, include severe pains in the joints and muscles, headache, sore throat, fever, running of the eyes, and an irritating rash. These symptoms recur in a usually milder form after an interval of two or three days. Death rarely occurs, but the patient is left debilitated and requires considerable convalescence. A more severe form, dengue haemorrhagic fever, characterized by a breakdown of the blood-clotting mechanism with internal bleeding, can affect children. Dengue occurs throughout the tropics and subtropics. Patients are given aspirin and codeine to relieve the pain and calamine lotion is helpful in easing the irritating rash.

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den·gue (dengґge) (Sp. dānґga) [Swahili ki-dinga] an acute, self-limited disease, typically lasting 5 to 7 days, characterized by fever, prostration, severe muscle pains, headache, rash, lymphadenopathy, and leukopenia, caused by four antigenically related but distinct types of the dengue virus. It occurs epidemically and sporadically in warm to hot parts of the world, including West and Central Africa, parts of India, Southeast and East Asia, Indonesia, northeastern Australia, Polynesia, the Caribbean, and northern South America. It is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. Called also breakbone, dandy, or dengue fever.

Medical dictionary. 2011.


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  • dengue — m. parasit. Enfermedad infecciosa vírica que se transmite por picada de un mosquito. Los afectados por la enfermedad presentan fiebre elevada, erupción cutánea, dolores musculares y articulares y, en los casos más graves, hemorragias. A pesar de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Dengue — Den gue (d[e^][ng] g[asl]), n. [See Note, below.] (Med.) A specific epidemic disease attended with high fever, cutaneous eruption, and severe pains in the head and limbs, resembling those of rheumatism; called also {breakbone fever}. It occurs in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dengue — 1828, from W. Indian Sp. dengue, from an African source, perhaps Swahili dinga seizure, cramp, form influenced by Sp. dengue prudery (perhaps because sufferers walk stiffly and erect due to painful joints). The disease is African, introduced to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dengue — adj. 2 g. 1. Presumido; afetado. = DENGOSO 2. Mulherengo. 3. Vaidoso. • s. f. 4. Febre epidêmica acompanhada de erupção e dores articulares. 5.  [Brasil] Choradeira ou birra de crianças.   ‣ Etimologia: espanhol dengue …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • dengue — ☆ dengue [deŋ′gā, deŋ′gē ] n. [WIndSp < Swahili dinga, cramplike attack, confused with Sp dengue, fastidiousness] an infectious tropical disease transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by severe pains in the joints and back, fever, and… …   English World dictionary

  • dengue — sustantivo masculino 1. Remilgo, delicadeza exagerada o repugnancia fingida hacia algo que se desea: Me molesta salir de casa con este niño, siempre con dengues para tomar algo. Hija, no le hagas dengues a este chico, que es muy majo. Me gusta… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Dengue —  Pour l’article homophone, voir dingue. Dengue Classification et ressources externes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dengue — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 A90 Denguefieber [Klassische Dengue] A91 Hämorrhagisches Denguefieber …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dengue — /deng gay, gee/, n. Pathol. an infectious, eruptive fever of warm climates, usually epidemic, characterized esp. by severe pains in the joints and muscles. Also called dengue fever. [1820 30, Amer.; < AmerSp] * * * or breakbone fever or dandy… …   Universalium

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