SYN: cytocentrum. [centro- + G. soma, body]

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cen·tro·some 'sen-trə-.sōm n
2) the centriole-containing region of clear cytoplasm adjacent to the cell nucleus
cen·tro·so·mic .sen-trə-'sō-mik adj

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an area of clear cytoplasm, found next to the nucleus in nondividing cells, that contains the centriole.

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cen·tro·some (senґtro-sōm) [centro- + -some] an organelle, located near the nucleus of animal cells, that contains the centrioles; it is the primary microtubule organizing center and directs the assembly of the spindle in mitosis. Called also cell center and centrosphere.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • centrosome — [ sɑ̃trozom ] n. m. • 1890; mot angl. ; de centro et some ♦ Biol. Petit corpuscule cytoplasmique, proche du noyau, qui se divise pendant la mitose, les deux parties qui en résultent migrant vers les pôles opposés de la cellule en division. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Centrosome — Cen tro*some , n. [Gr. ? center + ? the body.] (Biol.) A peculiar rounded body lying near the nucleus of a cell. It is regarded as the dynamic element by means of which the machinery of cell division is organized. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • centrosome — centrosome. См. центросома. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • centrosome — 1889, from Ger. centrosoma (1888), coined by German zoologist Theodor Boveri (1862 1915), from centro (see CENTER (Cf. center)) + Gk. soma body …   Etymology dictionary

  • centrosome — [sen′trə sōm΄] n. [ CENTRO + SOME3] a very small body near the nucleus in most animal cells, consisting of a centriole surrounded by a centrosphere: in mitosis it divides, and the two parts move to opposite poles of the dividing cell centrosomic… …   English World dictionary

  • Centrosome — Schematic of typical animal cell, showing subcellular components. Organelles: (1) Nucleolus (2) Nucleus (3) Ribosomes (little dots) (4) Vesicle (5) Rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (6) Golgi apparatus (7) Cytoskeleton (8) Smooth ER (9)… …   Wikipedia

  • Centrosome — Schéma d une cellule animale type. Organites : (1) nucleole (2) Noyau (3) ribosomes (petits points) (4) vesicule (5) Réticulum endoplasmique granuleux (REG) (6) Appareil de Golgi (7) cytosquelette (8) Réticulum endoplasmique lisse (9) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • centrosome — A specialized region of a living cell, situated next to the nucleus, where microtubules are assembled and broken down during cell division. The centrosome of most animal cells contains a pair of centrioles …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Centrosome cycle — Centrosomes are the major microtubule organizing center (MTOC) in mammalian cells. [1] Failure of centrosome regulation can cause mistakes in chromosome segregation and is associated with aneuploidy. A centrosome is composed of two orthogonal… …   Wikipedia

  • centrosome — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1889 1. centriole 2. the centriole containing region of clear cytoplasm adjacent to the cell nucleus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • centrosome — n. [Gr. kentron, center; soma, body] A specialized area of condensed cytoplasm that contains the centrioles at the beginning of mitosis; also called centrosphere, cytocentrum, microcentrum, attraction sphere, and paranuclear body …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

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