- 1. To stop, check, or restrain. 2. A stoppage; interference with, or checking of, the regular course of a disease, a symptom, or the performance of a function. 3. Inhibition of a developmental process, usually at the ultimate stage of development; premature a. may lead to a congenital abnormality. [O. Fr. arester, fr. LL. adresto, to stop behind]- cardiac a. (CA) complete cessation of cardiac activity either electric, mechanical, or both; may be purposely induced for therapeutic reasons. SYN: heart a..- cardioplegic a. temporary intentional stoppage of electrical and mechanical cardiac activity, usually by potassium-containing solutions, used to protect heart muscle by decreasing its metabolic demand during open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.- circulatory a. 1. cessation of the circulation of blood as a result of ventricular standstill or fibrillation. 2. intentional cessation of circulation by temporarily stopping cardiopulmonary bypass flow during certain thoracic aortic operations; used with intentional profound total-body hypothermia to protect vital organs.- deep hypothermic a. stoppage of electrical and mechanical cardiac activity that occurs when the heart is cooled.- a. of labor absence of progress of active labor (as defined by cervical dilation and descent of the presenting part) for 2 hr or longer.- maturation a. cessation of complete differentiation of cells at an immature stage; in spermatogenic maturation a., the seminiferous tubules contain spermatocytes, but no spermatozoa develop.- sinus a. cessation of sinus activity; the ventricles may continue to beat under ectopic atrial, A-V junctional, or idioventricular control. SEE ALSO: sinus standstill, atrial standstill.* * *Amiodarone in Out-of-Hospital Resuscitation of Refractory Sustained Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia; Amsterdam Resuscitation Study
* * *ar·rest ə-'rest vt to bring to a standstill or state of inactivity <\arrested tuberculosis> <\arrested labor> vi to undergo cardiac arrest <the...patient has \arrested while being transported to surgery (Wayne Fields)>ar·rest·ment narrest n the condition of being stopped <developmental \arrest> see CARDIAC ARREST compare CURE (1), REMISSION
* * *ar·rest (ə-restґ) stoppage; the act of stopping.
Medical dictionary. 2011.